The Intelligent Transport System (ITS) is the core of the European Union’s digital economy strategy. It aims to improve road safety and mobility, reduce congestion and increase road capacity. ITS is a crucial element of the EU’s future sustainable mobility policy.
It is an advanced technology that uses information and communication technology to make driving safer, more efficient, and more comfortable. The intelligent transportation system is used to connect vehicles and roads and manage traffic and transport.
ITS is a combination of different services and technologies that can be used to improve the efficiency of the transport system. ITS is expected to make roads safer by detecting dangerous situations and reacting immediately.
ITN is a global information exchange system between road users, vehicles, and infrastructure. The system is based on the use of GSM networks and consists of two main components:
- Traffic management systems, which manage the traffic flow on a given road
- Road users’ information systems, which collect and analyze the information about the road users
ITN is made up of three layers.
This layer is the basis of the ITN. It transfers information between road users, vehicles, and infrastructure.
This layer is in charge of providing the necessary information to the user. The user is the driver of the vehicle.
This layer provides the necessary tools to the user. They are the applications that the user can use.
- The intelligent transportation system can be divided into three parts:
- Traffic management
- Transportation data collection and analysis
- Vehicle navigation
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Why Intelligent Transport System is Necessary for Sustainable Transportation
Sustainable transportation is not just a trend. It is a necessity for our future. The growing population and increasing demand for food have increased the amount of traffic in cities and towns.
This increased traffic has led to pollution, noise, and road accidents. These problems are not limited to big cities only, but small towns and villages as well.
As cities become more crowded, more people are forced to use public transport. Public transport is essential for urban areas. However, the public transport infrastructure is insufficient for the increasing demand for public transport.
Public transport is limited to trains, buses, and taxis, including bikes, walking, and automobiles.
This is not something new, but it has recently gained a lot of attention. There are so many benefits of ITS that it is hard to imagine how it will benefit us.
Why Intelligent Transport System is Needed?
The world is getting developed rapidly, and in that sense, transportation is also getting improved.
The first and foremost factor comes to mind when we talk about safety. A lot of accidents happen on the road, which is the main reason behind the death of people. Road traffic accidents have increased daily and are the leading cause of death in the country.
In that sense, the intelligent transportation system can solve this problem.
- Reduced Cost
This is one of the most critical points in any person’s life. Every day we spend a lot of money traveling from one place to another.
The intelligent transportation system will reduce costs and save a lot of money if we discuss costs.
- Reduction of Pollution
Pollution is the major problem faced by the people of the country.
We cannot imagine pollution affecting the whole environment and people’s lives.
In that sense, the intelligent transportation system will reduce pollution, and people will breathe clean air.
- Save fuel
This is one of the most important reasons the ITS has become so popular. The ITS is the best tool that will help you to save fuel. The vehicles will be able to detect upcoming obstacles and slow down or stop the vehicle so that you can save a lot of fuel.
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How do Intelligent Transportation Systems Work?
The intelligent transportation system is a combination of technology and transportation. There are different types of intelligent transportation systems, but all of them are based on the following three elements:
- Smart transport technology
It can reduce the number of cars on the road. The intelligent transport system helps to improve the efficiency of the city’s roads.
The intelligent transport system can also help to reduce the pollution caused by cars. It can track the location of the vehicles and provide real-time information about the traffic and parking conditions.
The intelligent transport system can also help find the driver’s optimal route. The system can help you find the shortest route to your destination without wasting time.
The intelligent transport system can also provide real-time information about traffic and parking conditions. The system can provide information about the traffic, the weather, and the parking conditions.
- Vehicle sensors
Vehicle sensors are the essential elements of the intelligent transportation system. These sensors include the camera, GPS, radar, ultrasound, etc.
- Vehicle navigation
Vehicle navigation is the second important element of the intelligent transportation system. This includes the satellite positioning system (GPS), the global navigation satellite system (GLONASS), the radio navigation aid, the terrestrial navigation aid, the inertial navigation system, and the odometer.
- Vehicle communication
Vehicle communication is the third essential element of the intelligent transportation system. This includes car-to-car communication, car-to roadside communication, the car to traffic light communication, and the car to infrastructure communication.
- Tolling system:
This system is based on the principle of tolling. Tolling is a way of charging the user for the distance they have traveled. It is a kind of charging system based on the kilometers a person travels.
This system is the most advanced type of tolling system. It is not only restricted to the use of vehicles, it can be used in any mode of transport.
Why is it important?
It is essential because it helps to reduce the traffic jams in the city. It also helps to provide convenience to the users by providing information regarding road conditions, traffic, and weather.
The intelligent transportation system can be an effective solution to reduce traffic and air pollution in the city and the intelligent transportation system can also help find the driver’s optimal route. The intelligent transport system can also provide real-time information about traffic and parking conditions.